Map of Colombia
Colombia is a country in South America, located in the northwestern part of the continent. It is blessed with natural resources, including beautiful beaches, mountains and rain forests. It is the only country in South America with coasts on both the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. The capital and largest city is Bogotá. Prior to the arrival of Europeans in America, a number of indigenous groups, including the Chibcha, occupied the land that makes up present-day Colombia. From the 16th century to the 19th century, Colombia was a colony of Spain. The country achieved independence in 1819, then it became a republic with an elected government.