Ecuador - Physiography

 

 

Ecuador is a country in South America. It also includes the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific, about 965 km west of the mainland. Ecuador straddles the equator. Quito, the country’s capital, is high in the Andes Mountains. Guayaquil, a port along the Pacific coast, is the largest city.

Ecuador was a Spanish colony until 1822, when independence forces won a decisive victory over Spain. Since then the government has alternated between civilian rule and military dictatorship. Agriculture dominated the economy of Ecuador until the 1970s, when the production of petroleum brought added income to the nation.

 

Landscape

 

Illiniza Norte y Sur, Andes occidentales Ecuador (divulgação).

 

 

Map Quito

 

Physiography Ecuador

 

◄ Maps of America

 

Source: U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.

 

 

Rivers, mountains and Andes. National parks and archeological sites

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