Argentina is a nation of diversity, where ice fields contrast with arid zones;
mountains with valleys or plateaus; fluvial streams and lakes with large oceans,
broad grassy plains with woods and forests.
the independence from Spain, In 1816, the country's population and culture were
heavily shaped by immigrants from throughout Europe, but most particularly Italy
and Spain, which provided the largest percentage of newcomers from 1860 to 1930.
main types of climate in Argentina are four: warm, moderate, arid and cold. The
extension of the territory and the features of its relief determine the
existence of varieties in each of the mentioned types.
capital is Buenos Aires.
map of Argentina.
Iguazu Falls. The falls are part of a
nearly virgin jungle ecosystem surrounded by national parks on both the
Argentine and the Brazilian sides of the cascades. The Iguazu River begins in
Parana state of Brazil, then crosses a 1,200 km plateau before reaching a series
of faults forming the falls. Approximately 2.7 km in width and reaching a
maximum height of 81 m.
Geographic Guide - Tourist Attractions, Travel Guide South America.
San Carlos de Bariloche, Patagonia.
Southern Andes Mountains, Argentina and
Chile. The Andes Mountains terminate at
the southern end of Chile and Argentina in a jumble of islands and fjords. This
low-oblique, south-looking photograph shows the fragmented landscape as the
South American continent gradually ends in Tierra del Fuego. Part of the Strait
of Magellan is barely visible near the horizon. Numerous glacier lakes can be
seen on either side of the north-south axis of the ice- and snow-covered Andes
Mountains. The mountains gradually decrease in elevation, from approximately
3048 m in this photograph to 1220 meters and less above sea level near the
horizon. Lake Viedma (northernmost) and Lake Argentino—the two larger light blue
lakes at the northern end of the photograph—constantly receive meltwater from
the western glaciers. The brownish-tan terrain east of the Andes Mountains is a
plateau where the constantly blowing west wind, coupled with very limited
precipitation, produces a harsh, barren, almost nonvegetated landscape in this
Argentine region of Patagonia (NASA, April 1993).