Images of Peru

 

Place of the pre-Columbian Inca ruins.

 

South America

 

Ruins of the sacred city of Caral-Supe, Peru. The oldest centre of civilization in the Americas (5000-year-old) has  six large pyramidal structures.

 

Yauca and Acari River Canyons, Peru May 1996.The dry, canyonlike terrain of the Peruvian coast is visible in this northeast-looking, low-oblique photograph. Clouds cover the western Andes Mountains, the longest mountain system in the world, which began to form 600 million years ago. Uplifted coastal plains deeply grooved the coastal areas, sculpturing deep canyons, some of which extend to the coast. A slow uplift continues to build the Andes, which are rising approximately 10 cm each century. Visible are many small canyons and two major ones—the Acari River Canyon (center of photograph) and the Yauca River Canyon to its south. Some irrigation is discernible in both river valleys and near the coast where the rivers empty into the Pacific Ocean. Point Chala appears at the bottom right of the photograph.

 

 

Machu Picchu

 

Lake Titicaca and coast of Peru (left). Titicaca, the largest freshwater lake in South America, is located in a depression in the Altiplano (high plains) between the eastern and the western range of the Andes Mountains. Lake Titicaca covers an area of 8300 km², is nearly 190 km long, and has an average width of 72 km. Fed by many mountain streams that border the Altiplano, the lake is drained only by the Desaguadero River, which flows south into Lake Poopó. Water levels can vary as much as 16 feet (5m) from season to season and year to year. Much of the lake water is lost through evaporation caused by intense sunshine and strong winds. Since the late 1980s, drought has plagued this region of the Altiplano, causing water levels in the lake to drop below normal. Drastic drops in water level in the lake could eventually affect the moderating climate of this high-altitude lake 3800 meters above sea level, which could lead to reduced agricultural crop yields. The agricultural crops of wheat and maize help sustain many Indians that live along Lake Titicaca’s shores (by NASA).

 

Canyon of  Yauca river

 

Peruvian mother and child at a small village in Lake Titicaca.

 

◄Geographic Guide

 

Peru

 

Puerto de Lomas

 

Copyright © Geographic Guide South America - Tourist Attractions Andes. See also Salvador.

 

Coast Peru

 

Canyon of Acari river

 

 

Map Peru

 

Caral

 

Lago Titicaca

 

 

 

 

 

 

Travel

 

Pacific Ocean

 

Chala

 

 

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