The Republic of Azerbaijan (Azarbaycan Respublikasi) is a nation with a Turkic and majority Muslim population. It is located in Southwestern Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Russia. It includes the exclave of Naxcivan Autonomous Republic and the Nagorno-Karabakh region. Azerbaijan regained its independence after the collapse of the Soviet Union, in 1991. Population: 10 million (2017). The capital is Baku (Baki)

 

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Baku

 

Maiden Tower, built in the 11th–12th century, in Baku, capital of Azerbaijan.

 

Caucasus Mountains - A region of enormous physiographic complexity because this mountain range has created an almost impenetrable barrier to north-south ground transportation. The mountains extend from the eastern shores of the Black Sea to the southwest coast of the Caspian Sea. On the south slopes of the Caucasus Mountains and in the valleys immediately south of the mountains are the states of Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan. The highest mountain in the range is about 5,000 m (Photo NASA).

 

Khantai District, in Baku.

 

Azerbaijan

 

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