Greece (NASA, October 1989). The terrain in this photograph is indicative of the
rugged, mountainous landscape characterizing most of Greece. Two major landform
regions are captured in this photograph—the northwest-southeast-trending Pindos
(Pindhos) Mountains in central Greece north of the Gulf of Corinth (Korinthiakós)
and the Peloponnesus (Peloponnisos) Peninsula south of the Gulf of Corinth
(center of the photograph). The Pindos Mountains, a massive continuation of the
Dinaric Alps of Albania and the former Yugoslavia, make the land inhospitable
and travel difficult. This rugged terrain caused the Greeks to become a
seafaring people, second only to the Norwegians in Europe. The capital city of
Athens (lighter area) is barely discernible along the southern edge of the broad
peninsula near the eastern edge of the photograph. The Peloponnesus Peninsula,
connected to the mainland by the Isthmus of Corinth, has been likened to a hand
with a thumb and three fingers. The main part of the hand is Arcadia, the
central mountainous area, which is a southeastward continuation of the Pindos
Mountains. Greece is flanked on the west by the Ionian Sea and on the east by
the Aegean Sea.
Palace of Knossos in Crete.
Volcanic harbor from Phira, Thera.
Beach in Lindos, island of Rhodes
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