The State of Israel (Medinat Yisra'el) was created in 1948 by the United Nations, partitioning the old Palestine into Arab and Jewish states. Since then, the region is in conflict. To the Palestinians was given the areas of West Bank and Gaza Strip. The Arabs never fully agreed with the UN resolution.

The capital is Jerusalem, but not recognized as so by many countries. The United States recognized Jerusalem as Israel’s capital in 2017 without taking a position on the specific boundaries of Israeli sovereignty.



Wailing Wall, in Jerusalem

Jerusalem - Israel / Palestine

The holy city of Jerusalem has more than 3,000 years of history. It was captured from the Canaanites by King David and Jesus was crucified there.

Jerusalem is the spiritual center to the world's three major monotheistic religions: Judaism, Islam and Christianity. It was the main reason for the Crusades, during the Middle Ages, and has a great number of historical sites and sanctuaries. Today, Jerusalem is the capital of the State of Israel. Out of the walls of old Jerusalem, there is a modern city, where half million people live.

Jerusalem, and the whole State of Israel is a region in great conflict between Israelis and Arabs. Since 1967, it is dominated by the State of Israel.


Middle East


Wailing Wall, in Jerusalem.




Geographic Guide



The historical site of Masada located on the eastern edge of the Judaean Desert, overlooking the Dead Sea.




Windsurfing on the Red Sea, near Eilat.


Israel map










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Ministry of Tourism of Israel




Ministry of Tourism of Israel