Between 1949 and 1990, Berlin was divided into East Berlin, the capital of the German Democratic Republic, and West Berlin. The Berlin Wall was erected by the East German communist government in 1961, physically dividing East Berlin and West Berlin.
The Wall fell in November 9, 1989, after the spokesman for East Berlin’s Communist Party announced that citizens of the GDR were free to cross the country’s borders after midnight that day. The fall of the inner German border took place shortly afterwards. Then, the reunification of Germany took place on October 3, 1990.
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