Greece achieved independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1830, becoming the Kingdom of Greece. During the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, it gradually added neighboring islands and territories, most with Greek-speaking populations. In 1967, a group of military officers seized power, establishing a military dictatorship that suspended many political liberties and forced the king to flee the country. In 1974, democratic elections and a referendum created a parliamentary republic. In 1981, Greece joined the EC (now the EU) and became the 12th member of the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) in 2001. Since 2010, the Hellenic Republic entered into an economic recession.

More: Turkey and Pictures of Greece


The Acropolis of Athens.


Map Greece




Helen Troy


Looking towards Firostephani from Fira, Santorini, and its spectacular cliffs rising from the deep azure sea. The volcanic eruption of Santorini, in 1650 B.C. was one of the biggest known in the last 10,000 years.


Ruins of Parthenon, in The Acropolis. Erected on the highest ground of Athens, the Acropolis contained the chief municipal and religious buildings of the ancient citadel.


The Abduction of Helen, oil on canvas by the Bahian artist José Teófilo de Jesus (1758-1849), Museu de Arte da Bahia. The Trojan War is one of the most remembered events of Greek history.


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