Greece achieved independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1830, becoming the Kingdom of Greece. During the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, it gradually added neighboring islands and territories, most with Greek-speaking populations. In 1967, a group of military officers seized power, establishing a military dictatorship that suspended many political liberties and forced the king to flee the country. In 1974, democratic elections and a referendum created a parliamentary republic. In 1981, Greece joined the EC (now the EU) and became the 12th member of the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) in 2001. Since 2010, the Hellenic Republic entered into an economic recession.
The Acropolis of Athens.
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