Hungary (Magyar Koztarsasag) is a country in Central Europe. It was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which collapsed during World War I. The country fell under Communist rule in the mid-20th century. In 1990, Hungary held its first multiparty elections and initiated a free market economy. It joined the EU in 2004. The capital is Budapest.




Budapest, Hungary



Administrative divisions: 19 counties (megyek, singular - megye), 20 urban counties (singular - megyei varos) and 1 capital city (fovaros).

Counties: Bacs-Kiskun, Baranya, Bekes, Borsod-Abauj-Zemplen, Csongrad, Fejer, Gyor-Moson-Sopron, Hajdu-Bihar, Heves, Jasz-Nagykun-Szolnok, Komarom-Esztergom, Nograd, Pest, Somogy, Szabolcs-Szatmar-Bereg, Tolna, Vas, Veszprem, Zala.

Urban counties: Bekescsaba, Debrecen, Dunaujvaros, Eger, Gyor, Hodmezovasarhely, Kaposvar, Kecskemet, Miskolc, Nagykanizsa, Nyiregyhaza, Pecs, Sopron, Szeged, Szekesfehervar, Szolnok, Szombathely, Tatabanya, Veszprem, Zalaegerszeg.

Terrain: mostly flat to rolling plains; hills and low mountains on the Slovakian border. Highest point: Kekes 1,014 m.

Total area: 93,030 km².

Climate: temperate; cold, cloudy, humid winters; warm summers.

Ports and harbors: Budapest, Dunaujvaros, Gyor-Gonyu, Csepel, Baja, Mohacs.



Population: 9.8 million (July 2018).

Religions: Roman Catholic 37.2%, Calvinist 11.6%, Lutheran 2.2%, Greek Catholic 1.8%, other 1.9%, none 18.2%, unspecified 27.2% (2011 est.).

Ethnic groups: Hungarian 85.6%, Romani 3.2%, German 1.9%, other 2.6%, unspecified 14.1% (2011 est.).

Language: Hungarian (official) 99.6%, English 16%, German 11.2%, Russian 1.6%, Romanian 1.3%, French 1.2%, other 4.2% (2011 est.).

Main source: CIA - The World Factbook.



Hungary map


Hungary map




The Parliament and the Danube river in Budapest, capital of Hungary.


Chain Bridge over the Danube, in Budapest. It was completed in 1849. In the background, the Baroque Buda Palace.




Matthias Church, in neo-Gothic style, in  Budapest.


Matthias Church


Bridge over the Danube, Budapest


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