Ireland is an European country that occupies five-sixths of the island of Ireland in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain. The capital is Dublin.

Celtic tribes settled on the island from 600-150 B.C. Invasions by Norsemen began in the late 8th. English invasions began in the 12th century and set off more than seven centuries of Anglo-Irish struggle marked by fierce rebellions and harsh repressions.

Ireland attained independence from U.K. in 1921 and joined the European Community in 1973. A peace settlement for Northern Ireland, known as the Good Friday Agreement and approved in 1998, is being implemented with some difficulties.






Total area: 70,280 km². Coastline: 1,448 km.

Administrative divisions: 26 counties; Carlow, Cavan, Clare, Cork, Donegal, Dublin, Galway, Kerry, Kildare, Kilkenny, Laois, Leitrim, Limerick, Longford, Louth, Mayo, Meath, Monaghan, Offaly, Roscommon, Sligo, Tipperary, Waterford, Westmeath, Wexford, Wicklow. Note: Cavan, Donegal, and Monaghan are part of Ulster Province.

Climate: Temperate maritime; modified by North Atlantic Current; mild winters, cool summers; consistently humid; overcast about half the time.

Terrain: Mostly level to rolling interior plain surrounded by rugged hills and low mountains; sea cliffs on west coast. Highest point: Carrauntoohil 1,041 m.


Population: 5,1 million (July 2018 est.).

Religions: Roman Catholic 78.3%, Church of Ireland 2.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Orthodox 1.3%, Muslim 1.3%, other 2.4%, none 9.8%, unspecified 2.6% (2016 est.).

Ethnic groups: Irish 82.2%, Irish travelers 0.7%, other white 9.5%, Asian 2.1%, black 1.4%, other 1.5%, unspecified 2.6% (2016 est.).

Language: English (official, the language generally used), Irish (Gaelic or Gaeilge) (official, spoken by approximately 39.8% of the population as of 2016; mainly spoken in areas along Ireland's western coast known as gaeltachtai, which are officially recognized regions where Irish is the predominant language).

Main source: CIA - The World Factbook.


Mapa Dublin



Cliffs of Moher, County Clare, in Ireland. They plunge 700 feet to the sea for five miles.



Cliffs of Moher Ireland




Map Ireland


Irish Girl



Grafton Street, in Dublin, Ireland.


Copyright © Geographic Guide - Travel European Continent.



Dublin, Ireland




Europe tourism