Netherlands is country in Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany. The capital is Amsterdam. The Hague is the seat of government.

The Kingdom of the Netherlands was formed in 1815. In 1830 Belgium seceded and formed a separate kingdom. A modern, industrialized nation, Netherlands is also a large exporter of agricultural products. The country was a founding member of the EC (now the EU), and participated in the introduction of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) in 1999.


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Netherlands is one of four constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the other are the Caribbean islands of Aruba, Curacao and Sint Maarten.

Administrative divisions: 12 provinces (provincies, singular - provincie); Drenthe, Flevoland, Friesland, Gelderland, Groningen, Limburg, Noord-Brabant, Noord-Holland, Overijssel, Utrecht, Zeeland and Zuid-Holland.

Terrain: Mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills in southeast. Highest point: Vaalserberg 322 m.

Total area: 41,526 km². Coastline: 451 km.


Population: 17,1 million (2018).

Religions: Roman Catholic 23.6%, Protestant 14.9% (includes Dutch Reformed 6.4%, Protestant Church of The Netherlands 5.6%, Calvinist 2.9%), Islam 5.1%, other 5.6% (includes Hindu, Buddhist, Jewish), none 50.7% (2017 est.).

Ethnic groups: Dutch 76.9%, EU 6.4%, Turkish 2.4%, Moroccan 2.3%, Indonesian 2.1%, German 2.1%, Surinamese 2%, Polish 1%, other 4.8% (2018 est.).

Languages: Dutch (official language), Frisian.

Main source: CIA - The World Factbook.


Map Netherlands




Gouda, Netherlands


The medieval Castle Muiderslot, built in 1370 and located at the mouth of the Vecht river, near Amsterdam. It is now a national museum.


Gardens of Keukenhof, located in the municipality of Lisse and established in 1949.



Canals Amsterdam


The Gothic Town Hall in Gouda, western Netherlands.


Gardens Keukenhof


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Lijnbaan Street, Weena Building, in Rotterdam.




Castle Muiderslot


Veer, southwestern Netherlands, in the region of Walcheren in the province of Zeeland.




One of the many canals in Amsterdam.


Images Netherlands


Dutch flag


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