Country name: Republic of San Marino (local: Repubblica di San Marino).
Capital: San Marino.
Government type: independent republic. Constitution: 8 October 1600; electoral law of 1926 serves some of the functions of a constitution.
Independence: 3 September 301.
Administrative divisions: 9 municipalities (castelli, singular - castello); Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore, Chiesanuova, Domagnano, Faetano, Fiorentino, Monte Giardino, San Marino, Serravalle.
Terrain: rugged mountains, dominated by the Apennines.
Total area: 61.2 km² (about 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC).
Highest point: Monte Titano 755 m.
Climate: Mediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm, sunny summers.
Population: 33,779 (2018).
Religions: Roman Catholic.
Ethnic groups: Sammarinese, Italian.
Nationality: Sammarinese (singular and plural).
Main source: CIA - The World Factbook.
San Marino is located in Southern Europe, an enclave in central Italy. It is the third smallest independent state in Europe (after the Holy See and Monaco) also claims to be the world's oldest republic. According to tradition, it was founded by a Christian stonemason named Marinus in 301 A.D. San Marino's foreign policy is aligned with that of Italy. Social and political trends in the republic also track closely with those of its larger neighbor.
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