Slovakia is a landlocked country in Central Europe. The capital is Bratislava.
In 1918 the Slovaks joined the closely related Czechs to form Czechoslovakia. After the World War II, Czechoslovakia became a Communist nation within Soviet-ruled Eastern Europe. Soviet influence collapsed in 1989 and Czechoslovakia once more became free. The Slovaks and the Czechs agreed to separate peacefully in 1993. Slovakia (local: Slovenska Republika) joined the EU in 2004.
Bratislava. St. Michel's Tower in the background.
Administrative divisions: 8 regions (kraje, singular - kraj); Banskobystricky, Bratislavsky, Kosicky, Nitriansky, Presovsky, Trenciansky, Trnavsky, Zilinsky.
Terrain: rugged mountains in the central and northern part and lowlands in the south. Tatra Mountains in the north are interspersed with many scenic lakes and valleys. Highest point: Gerlachovsky Stit 2,655 m.
Total area: 48,845 km².
Climate: temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters.
Ports and harbors: Bratislava, Komarno.
Population: 5.4 million (2018).
Religions: Roman Catholic 62%, Protestant 8.2%, Greek Catholic 3.8%, other or unspecified 12.5%, none 13.4% (2011 est.).
Ethnic groups: Slovak 80.7%, Hungarian 8.5%, Romani 2%, other 1.8% (includes Czech, Ruthenian, Ukrainian, Russian, German, Polish), unspecified 7% (2011 est.).
Language: Slovak (official) 78.6%, Hungarian 9.4%, Roma 2.3%, Ruthenian 1%, other or unspecified 8.8% (2011 est.).
Main source: CIA - The World Factbook.
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Bratislava, capital of Slovakia.