In the early 16th century, Portugal became the first major global power, with extensive territories in America, Africa and Asia. It developed the technology needed to navigate the oceans, later copied by other European nations.
Today, the country is home to great historical castles, resorts and casinos. The University of Coimbra is one of the oldest in Europe. The capital is Lisbon.
Gardens in the historic city of Porto.
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Rui Cunha / Turismo Cascais