Spain is bounded on the north by the Bay of Biscay, France and
Andorra; on the east by the Mediterranean Sea; on the west by
Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
Strait of Gibraltar (NASA, Spain/Morocco
May 1991). The Strait of Gibraltar (bottom center) is not only
narrow (6 km) in width but shallow (396 meters) as well.
The northern peninsula of Morocco (lower right) extends northward towards
the southwest coast of Spain. The strait locates where the two tectonic
plates of Eurasian (north) and Africa (south) collide. Immediately east of
the strait is the Alboran Sea (western extension of the Mediterranean Sea),
a name given to the body of water between Spain and Morocco. A single
atmospheric cloud, probably smoke, is visible over
the Alboran Sea as it extends southward from the south central coast of
Spain. The darker landscapes in Morocco and Spain show the location of the
vegetated, mountainous regions. The snow covered, higher elevations (maximum
elevation 3481 m) of the Sierra Nevada (Spain) are also
visible near the center of the image. An extensive plains region
(lighter-colored land corridor in lower left quadrant of image), known as
the Andalusian Plains extends southward from the Guadalquivir River Valley.
An abrupt color change near the lower left margin of the image is the result
of an extensive, east-west trending fault that forms the northern boundary
of the Guadalquivr River Valley
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