The Kingdom of Denmark (Kongeriget Danmark) is a country in northern Europe, part of Scandinavia, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea. The Kingdom of Denmark has a modern and internationally competitive service-based economy. The capital and largest city is Copenhagen (København in Danish).
The Vikings founded the Danish kingdom more than 1,100 years ago, making it one of Europe’s oldest continuous kingdoms. In centuries past, the Danish monarch at times ruled both Norway and Sweden, as well as Iceland.
Tivoli Park in Copenhagen.
Denmark is a small country that occupies most of the Jutland Peninsula, as well as the hundreds of islands of the Danish archipelago. Denmark also includes the Faroe Islands, a collection of 18 islands that lie northwest of Scotland. Politically, both Greenland and the Faroe Islands are part of Denmark, but they are self-governing in all matters except defense and foreign affairs.
Denmark controls Danish Straits (Skagerrak and Kattegat) linking Baltic and North Seas.
Total area: 43,094 km². Coastline: 7,314 km. It includes the island of Bornholm in the Baltic Sea and the rest of metropolitan Denmark (the Jutland Peninsula, and the major islands of Sjaelland and Fyn), but excludes the Faroe Islands and Greenland.
Administrative divisions: metropolitan Denmark - 14 counties (amter, singular - amt) and 2 boroughs (amtskommuner, singular - amtskomunes); Arhus, Bornholm, Fredericksberg, Frederiksborg, Fyn, Kobenhavn, Kobenhavns, Nordjylland, Ribe, Ringkobing, Roskilde, Sonderjylland, Storstrom, Vejle, Vestsjalland, Viborg note: see separate entries for the Faroe Islands and Greenland, which are part of the Kingdom of Denmark and are self-governing overseas administrative divisions.
Climate: Temperate; humid and overcast; mild, windy winters and cool summers. The sea is never more than 64 km away, giving the country a seacoast atmosphere. Rain, fog, and gray skies are common.
Terrain: low and flat to gently rolling plains. Highest point: Yding Skovhoej 173 m.
Ports and harbors: Aabenraa, Aalborg, Aarhus, Copenhagen, Esbjerg, Fredericia, Frederikshavn, Hirtshals, Kolding, Odense, Roenne (Bornholm), Vejle.
Population: 5,8 million (July 2018 est.). About one-quarter of the population lives in greater Copenhagen.
Religions: Evangelical Lutheran (official) 74.8%, Muslim 5.3%, other (denominations of less than 1% each, include Roman Catholic, Jehovah's Witness, Serbian Orthodox Christian, Jewish, Baptist, and Buddhist) 19.9% (2017 est.).
Ethnic groups: Danish (includes Greenlandic (who are predominantly Inuit) and Faroese) 86.3%, Turkish 1.1%, other 12.6% (largest groups are Polish, Syrian, German, Iraqi, and Romanian) (2018 est.).
Language: Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic (an Inuit dialect), German (small minority). English is the predominant second language.
Main source: CIA - The World Factbook.
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