City Hotel on Broadway - 1831


This area was devastated by the Great Fire of 1776.

The Tontine Hotel opened in 1794, at 123 Broadway, and soon it became known as the City Hotel, later its official name. It occupied the whole block bounded by Cedar, Temple, and Thames streets. It was the first known functioning hotel in New York, after the taverns and boarding houses.

It was built on the former site of the house of Stephen de Lancey (1663-1741), that later became an inn. The five-story building, designed by John McComb Jr. (1763-1853), was also a place for concerts, balls and other social functions. The City Hotel was owned by Ezra Weeks. In 1828, John Jacob Astor bought it and the hotel was operated by Chester Jennings. On April 25, 1833, City Hotel took fire, destroying the upper and attic stories.

City Hotel was the most famous in New York until the opening of the Astor House, in 1836, built by John Jacob Astor. In 1842, Gardner and Packard were the keepers of both, the City Hotel and the Broad Street Hotel, place of the historic Fraunces Tavern.

The hotel was closed on April 30, 1849. It was replaced with stores (see the "Old City Hotel" in an illustration about 1850s). By 1878, the structure of the old building was deteriorated and it was torn down to make way for the eight-story above ground Boreel Building, completed in May 1879.


City Hotel


Historic Hotels in NYC





Fifth Avenue Hotel


NY Hotels


Trinity Building


Trinity Church


New England Hotel

Building that previously occupied the site of the Old Trinity Building.


Copyright © Geographic Guide - Old NYC, 19th century.


Broadway NY 19th Century


West 31st Street

Façades on Broadway and West 31st Street.


The City Hotel, the second temple of Trinity Church and the old temple of Grace Church (in the distance) on Broadway, looking south. Illustration published by Peabody & Co., 1831. Engraved by Archibald L. Dick (ca. 1805 - ca. 1855). Source: New York Public Library.


Adelphi Hotel


Historic Hotels



City Hotel on Broadway - 1831