Rio de la Plata, Argentina (image above). In addition to the Atlantic Ocean (eastern horizon), three important water features of Argentina’s central east coast are apparent in this high-oblique, southeast-looking photograph—the Paraná River (South America’s second largest drainage basin), the southward-flowing Uruguay River, and the muddy Rio de la Plata. Paraná’s delta, measuring more than 275 km in length and averaging 50 km in width, appears dark green in this northwest-southeast orientation. The delta is composed of numerous meandering and interbraided streams and channels that make it subject to occasional severe flooding. The silt-laden main watercourse is observable at various points within this flood prone area. The southward-flowing Uruguay River, which has a very high level of sediment, passes east of the mouth of the Paraná River delta. The merging of these two rivers with their high levels of silt almost always produces an extremely muddy Rio de la Plata. The interfluvial area of the Paraná and Uruguay Rivers, known as the Mesopotamia of South America, is composed of floodplain and gently rolling, well-drained land. Montevideo, capital of Uruguay near the northeast limit of the Rio de la Plata, and Buenos Aires, capital of Argentina at the southern end of the Paraná River delta, are not identifiable on this scale (NASA 1990).
About the Geographic Guide - Satellite images of South America, Brazilėjė.
Los Glaciares National Park, Argentina (image right). The park encompasses mountains, lakes, forests, and glaciers in the Andes along the Chilean border. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization declared this area a World Heritage Site in 1981. The park provides a home for guanacos, pumas, foxes, and many bird and fish species.
This Landsat image, acquired on October 14, 2001, shows the southern portion of Los Glaciares National Park. Snow and ice are white, water is blue, and bare or thinly vegetated ground is brown. Over time, glacial melt has formed two lakes in this park: Lago Viedma and Lago Argentino (shown in this image). Lago Argentino has an unusual feature: the Perito Moreno Glacier, appearing in more detail in this astronaut photograph, periodically dissects the lake. As the glacier advances, it cuts off one side of the lake, known as Brazo Rico, from the other side. Over time, the water level of Brazo Rico rises enough to break off the tip of the glacier. After rupturing the glacier, Brazo Rico dumps its excess water into the other side of the lake. Water pressure ruptures the Perito Moreno Glacier every four or five years on average, although the pattern of ruptures is irregular.
Besides the periodic ruptures of the Perito Moreno Glacier, the park offers other feasts for the eyes, including the rugged Cerro Torre and Mount Fitz Roy, named for Robert Fitz Roy, who captained the Beagle on Charles Darwin’s famous voyage. These tall, jagged, granite peaks have been shaped by glacial ice, and their extremely steep slopes pose serious challenges for modern mountain climbers (NASA).