New York in the 17th Century


In the early 17th century the Dutch West India Company established a settlement on “Nutten Island” (today’s Governors Island). The Dutch settlement was named New Amsterdam. In 1626, the settlement’s governor bought Manhattan Island from the natives, so the settlement moved to Manhattan. It was then a land covered with green forests, berry patches and babbling brooks. Many species of game and cultivated fields of vegetation served as food for the Lenape people who lived in circular huts with grass-thatched roofs. About 5,000 Lenape lived in 80 settlements around the region.

In 1674, the English took control of the city and renamed it New York. In 1691, Abraham de Peyster became the first mayor of New York City.

More: Historical maps of New York City


17th century


Antique photos of NYC




Nieuw Amsterdam


New Amsterdam



This is part of an illustration published in 1843, depicting New Amsterdam in the 17th century with pictures of individual buildings and scenes in Washington Irving's works (source: New York Public Library).


Castelo Plan


Niew Neerlandt map


17th century NY



Copyright © Geographic Guide - Historical maps of NYC.

Map New York


Eyland Manatus


Governors Island NY


T'Fort Nieuw Amsterdam op de Manhatans, engraving by Kryn Fredericks, published 1651.




New York 18th century


Antique photographs


Abraham de Peyster






New York in the 17th Century


Historical maps NY