Battery Park


The historic Battery Park (The Battery) is a public park located at the foot of Broadway facing the harbor, at the southern tip of Manhattan Island. It was created in 1823 and contains many monuments, historic buildings and beautiful promenades. From the first European settlement to the early 19th century, this area was dedicated to defense.

In the 17th century, when it was called Capske Hook by Dutch settlers, there was artillery batteries in the area to protect the settlement in Manhattan. On April 27, 1686, the area was designated property of the City of New York by the Dongan Charter.

Castle Clinton was constructed from stone, in 1807, as a means of providing an arsenal in times of battle. The southwest expansion of the Battery was completed in 1811 by landfill. The Battery also expanded during the War of 1812 to protect the Buttermilk Channel in the East River.

The opening of the Erie Canal, in 1825, boosted even more the development of New York.

In 1855, the Castle in the Park, became the Castle Garden Immigration Station. This former naval fortification has changed overtime. In 1871, a small stretch of asphalt pavement was laid in Battery Park.

In 1896, it reopened as the New York City Aquarium. In 1941, the Aquarium was relocated to Coney Island. In 1946, the Castle was restored to its original design by the National Park Service and reopened, in 1975, as Castle Clinton National Monument.


Battery Park




Above, Battery Park and Lower Manhattan in a vintage postcard by American Art Publishing Co. / Metropolitan Post Card Company.


Old City of New York


Lower Manhattan



Battery Park NYC


Manhattan photographs


Bowling Green images


Buildings in Lower Manhattan seen from The Battery, with Castle Clinton on the right. Photograph by Alexander Alland with the following text on verso: Battery Park: The Bowling Green-Broadway area as viewed from the rear of the Aquarium. Outstanding there is the distinctive Standard Oil Company Building. The inspiring Bank of Manhattan Tower is just beyond. 1938-9. It was published in Portrait of New York by Felix Reisenberg and A. Alland, 1939. Source:  New York Public Library.


Central Park images




Standard Oil Company Building


South Ferry


Castle Garden Bay


Governors Island NY


Washington Building


NYC Battery Park


Buildings Manhattan


Battery place NY


New York NY


Southern Tip Manhattan


Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel


Battery New York


New York City


Battery Map


Lower Manhattan 19th century NY


New York 17th century


Fort Nieuw Amsterdam Manhatans

The old fort in the area that is now the Battery.


Lower Broadway


Castle Garden Battery


Lower Manhattan NY


Aerial image NY


Balloon New York



The Battery Park in the summer of 2018 (credit: Molly Flores/NYC & Company).


Staten Island


The Battery


21st century


The Battery and surrounding buildings around the 1990s (photos left and right).


Ellis Island


Castle Garden NYC


19th century NY



Battery Park skyline


NY 1990s



Old City New York


Battery Park


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